When it comes to Linux vs Windows, the decision to choose between these two popular hosting types depends on the technologies you want to use with your hosting server. While both Windows and Linux operating systems are being widely used globally, making the right choice boils down to your specific requirements.
In this article, we will discuss Linux server vs windows server and how to decide which is the right option for you.
What is Windows Hosting?
As the name suggests, it is a type of hosting that uses Windows operating system and its variants. Websites that use windows operating uses can access the web development and programming aspects that Windows OS supports.
Since Windows is the most popular (with over 1.5 billion active users), it’s no surprise that its hosting services enjoy huge popularity as well among developers and webmasters.
If you ask who should opt for Windows hosting, our reply would be: Window is absolutely essential for some web languages and scripts like ASP and ASP.net. With respect to databases supported by Windows hosting system, MS SQL and MS Access are a major plus. Lastly, C# and Visual Basic are developer languages that WIndows hosting greatly supports. If you are considering these technologies specifically when choosing a web hosting service, Windows hosting is the best bet.
Pros & Cons of Windows Hosting
Below we have discussed the advantages and disadvantages of Windows hosting:
|Widely popular OS with over 1 billion user base||Slightly more expensive than Linux OS|
|Compatible with other Windows tools, hence the popularity||Less Server Stability|
|Work with many legacy applications||Prone to malicious attacks|
|No risk to performance in case the OS and related apps are updated||Requires basic protection measures to safeguard your site from intruders|
|Operates using the classic Windows OS|
What is Linux Hosting?
Linux hosting is just another type of hosting with LAMP being the main point of difference. idea. LAMP stands for Linux, Apache, MySQL, and PHP. Typically, Linux hosting is all about these aspects.
Linux operating system is free and open-source based on Unix standards. It provides a programming interface and user interface compatibility. Linux also contains several separately developed elements, which are free from proprietary code.
Linux when first released contained only a few lines of code. And today, with over 23.3 million lines of source code, it has grown considerably.
Pros & Cons of Linux Hosting
Here are the advantages and disadvantages of hosting with the Linux operating system:
|More functionalities for programmers & developers||Higher cost for upgrades & additional app installations|
|Free & open-source||Less advanced than Windows|
|Access to plenty of free tools, information, & software packages||Relocating from Linux hosting to Windows can be difficult|
|Low setup and maintenance cost|
Linux vs Windows: Which Is Better?
The prime factors when it comes to Linux vs Windows include
Let’s compare both server hosting options based on these factors.
Linux vs Windows – Server Stability
The first difference any server administrator will identify when it comes to Linux vs Windows is stability. In comparison with Windows, Linux servers are considered more secure. You need to reboot them rarely and can configure most changes without a restart.
On the other hand, Windows servers can become unstable when multiple tasks are running and utilizing databases, file servers, and the web. The problem can get worse when adding lots of scheduled tasks and separate applications.
So if you want a server that ensures 100% uptime, go for Linux hosting.
Linux vs Windows – Usage
Working with a Linux server is more complex than a Windows server. Only if you know how to navigate a complex server can you work with Linux. Also, if you have responsibilities other than IT and development, it might be daunting for you to configure or manage such an environment.
On the other hand, the user interface of Microsoft is quite simple and one can easily find solutions to many problems, in case they are stuck. So, if you looking for simplicity, Windows is your best bet.
Linux vs Windows – Security
When it comes to security, Linux is the clear winner. Most BitLocker attacks target Windows machines, domination of desktop systems being the top reason. This is not the case with Linux. The rights management feature available in Unix makes Linux servers secure. This feature only lets the administrators make changes to certain applications and directories. It also prevents access to the operating system kernel.
So, Linux servers are more secure than Windows servers.
Windows vs Linux – Licensing and Cost
Linux is open-source while Windows is owned by a for-profit organization, Microsoft. This means, that hosting companies that run Windows servers need to purchase a license, which is then passed on to you as service fees. On the other hand, with Linux hosting, you just have to pay for the hardware and services. This makes Windows hosting costlier than Linux hosting.
However, the difference in both pricing is not huge.
Linux vs Windows – Technology
A major difference between Linux hosting and Windows hosting is the technology they use. Windows uses Microsoft software specifically to run and manage servers whereas Linux uses custom software.
Windows supports ASP.NET programming language which needs to be mastered considerably while Linux supports many programming languages.
Windows uses MSSQL while Linux uses MySQL data management system. Also, Linux supports plenty of development languages including PEARL and PYTHON which are quite popular among developers.
Windows vs Linux: Advantages of Each
|Pros of Linux Hosting||Pros of Windows Hosting|
|Cheaper hosting plans||Well Supported|
|Generally more reliable server||Integrates easily with plenty of other windows applications|
|Basic features of FrontPage can be used (excluding ASP and database generated pages)||Can use all features of FrontPage (including database generated pages and ASP)|
|Control Panel||Classic windows interface|
|Plenty of free scripts and programs are available||Easier to get a website started|
|Greater control and access to files and permissions||Comprehensive customer support|